Theressa Hoover ‘larger than life…gentle as a dove’

In recognition of her mentoring prowess, the Women’s Division created the annual Theressa Hoover Community Service and Global Citizenship award. In this 1979 photo, Hoover (right)  and Mai Gray (center)  greeted Lee Tae-young, affiliated with Ewha University in South Korea. Photo by John Goodwin for the Board of Global Ministries.

In recognition of her mentoring prowess, the Women’s Division created the annual Theressa Hoover Community Service and Global Citizenship award. In this 1979 photo, Hoover (right) and Mai Gray (center), president of the Women’s Division, greeted Xue Zheng, an educator from China. Photo by John Goodwin for the Board of Global Ministries.

By Linda Bloom*

Theressa Hoover was the first and she made sure she was not the last.

The first African-American woman to become a top staff executive for The United Methodist Church was a mentor to many young women, promoted the leadership of laywomen and engineered a secure future for the women’s organization of the denomination during a period of tumultuous change.

Hoover led the Women’s Division of the United Methodist Board of Global Ministries, the corporate body of United Methodist Women, for 22 years, from 1968 to 1990.

“She had a presence that could be larger than life, but she also had a presence that could be as soft and gentle as a dove,” said Andris Salter, a UMW executive who witnesssed how Hoover ministered to women struggling with issues such as physical and sexual abuse.

Undated photo of Theressa Hoover

Undated photo of Theressa Hoover

Hoover, 88, died Dec. 21 in Fayetteville, Ark., the hometown that had proclaimed May 30, 2008, as Theressa Hoover Day. Her funeral took place Dec. 30 at Sequoyah United Methodist Church, where she was a member.

One of five children born to James C. Hoover and Rissie Vaughn, Hoover’s options might have seemed limited in the segregated South, especially after her mother died when she was a small child. But her father, a city hospital orderly, taught her to be fearless and gave her the confidence to do what she needed to do.

A 1946 graduate of Philander Smith College, she helped the Little Rock Methodist Council, a coalition of 19 black and white Methodist congregations, convert a former turkey farm into Camp Aldersgate, dedicated in 1947 as a camp for African-American youth and a racially integrated training center.

The national stage

Segregation remained firmly entrenched in the Methodist Church when Hoover joined the staff of the Woman’s Division of Christian Service, part of the Board of Missions, in 1948 as a field worker for the denomination’s Central Jurisdiction.

Traveling across the United States in Jim Crow days as an African-American woman meant “she had a job for the Women’s Division that required sacrifices that none of the other women had to think about,”  said Peggy Billings, who became “fast friends” with Hoover in the 1960s as they worked together on racial justice issues.

Even later, at the board offices in New York, “it was not an easy time for a black person to agree to come on an all-white staff or to take on an organization that had historically been white,” she noted.

The year that Hoover was elected the Women’s Division top executive — 1968 — was a pivotal year as the Methodist Church merged with the Evangelical United Brethren Church.

Barbara Campbell, who was Hoover’s “second in command” at the Women’s Division for many years, noted that Hoover had to rebuild the division staff practically from scratch from the merger to the massive reorganization for the new United Methodist Church in 1972.

As with other reorganizations over the years, such tumult endangered the membership and institutional relationships of United Methodist Women.  “There were always those who thought they could handle our money better than we could,” she added.

Hoover’s “outstanding leadership” on church union for the Methodist Church was crucial in an era when it was difficult for both a woman and a person of color to command influence and power, said Betty Thompson, communications director for the Board of Global Ministries during that time.

Possessed with an active prayer life and deep grounding in the faith and history of Methodism, Hoover was not afraid to “speak truth to power,” but did so with grace, compassion and respect, women close to her recounted.

“She didn’t suffer fools gladly, but neither did she take herself (too) seriously,” Campbell said.

[pullquote align=”left|center|right” textalign=”left|center|right” width=”30%”]“She didn’t suffer fools gladly, but neither did she take herself (too) seriously.”[/pullquote]

Administratively, she was “a great boss,” Billings said, who supported and appreciated competent staff and, Campbell added, always operated under the assumption that others should know the mechanics of running the division.

She made United Methodist Women a strong organization by emphasizing the need to understand its membership, mission and intent and by “training other women to take your place, do the work and share the message when you no longer do it,” said Salter, who was hired by Hoover in 1982.

In her private life during the New York years, she was an avid reader, frequent theatregoer and skilled Southern cook, relying upon a wide circle of friends that she called “her community” for support.

Mentor and promoter of laywomen

Hoover took young women of all races under her wing, nurturing leadership skills that would have an impact on the denomination for years to come.

When M.Garlinda Burton first met Hoover while covering a Women’s Division meeting for United Methodist News Service, she was amazed to see an African-American woman have so much influence in the church.

Hoover encouraged Burton, who recently retired as top executive of the United Methodist Commission on the Status and Role of Women, to see herself as a leader. She also learned from Hoover that women like herself — laywomen, women of color, women from small towns — “are the legs the church stands on and that position deserves respect.”

[pullquote align=”right” textalign=”right” width=”30%”]She also learned from Hoover that women like herself — laywomen, women of color, women from small towns — “are the legs the church stands on and that position deserves respect.”[/pullquote]

For the Rev. Maxine Allen, now on staff with the Arkansas Annual (regional) Conference, Hoover was one of three women, along with Bishop Leontine T.C. Kelly and Euba Harris Winton, “who laid the legacy where, particularly, black women could see themselves outside of the local church environment.”

Allen went back to school at the age of 40 and then on to seminary. A UMW scholarship helped her graduate without debt.

Hoover’s niece, Melba Smith, who started work with the Women’s Division at the Church Center for the United Nations in 1970, also felt fortunate for the guidance provided by her aunt. “I was privileged to have been a member of her staff for so many years,” Smith said. “She was one of my greatest mentors.”

Jan Love, who first met Hoover when she was 17, followed her lead in encouraging The United Methodist Church to bring its gifts and “considerable weight” to the table in ecumenical matters and served with her as United Methodist representatives on the World Council of Churches Central Committee.

Love also was the Women’s Division’s top executive from 2004 to 2006 before becoming dean of Candler School of Theology at Emory University.

In recognition of her mentoring prowess, the Women’s Division created the annual Theressa Hoover Community Service and Global Citizenship award when she retired in 1990.

Back home to Arkansas

Hoover was inducted into the Arkansas Black Hall of Fame in 2000, but a more visible sign of her zeal for mission can be found at the Theressa Hoover United Methodist Church in Little Rock, thought to be one of the denomination’s first local churches named for a laywoman.

Hoover “had played a big part” in the life of the Rev. William H. Robinson, Jr., who chartered the congregation in December 1981 and served as its pastor for 32 years.

Over the years, Theressa Hoover United Methodist Church has built 70 new homes in the community, supported projects for women, children and youth and started a certified faith-based licensed substance-abuse program.

“I think that she spelled out mission work for this denomination,” Robinson said. “She tackled strategic problems in a sensitive way to get it done and she certainly trained and provided leadership and gave inspiration to many minority women, especially, who followed in her footsteps.

“She was just a jewel.”


*Bloom is a United Methodist News Service multimedia reporter based in New York. Follow her at http://twitter.com/umcscribe.or contact her at (646) 369-3759 or newsdesk@umcom.org.

See Dec. 30 Theressa Hoover Memorial Program


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  1. Charles Brockwell

    Virginia Wingard UMC, Columbia, SC is a church named for a lay woman decades ago.

  2. Sarla Chand

    I had the privilege to get to know Theressa Hoover when I was World Division staff at GBGM. I not only learned a lot about commitment to mission work from her but also felt deeply supported by her as the first staff of Indian origin at GBGM. I truly feel blessed that out paths crossed in the life.

  3. billie thoresen

    United Methodist women has been the stability for my life for 75 years. I first met her in at a national meeting in Colorado Springs, Colorado. I was privileged to be among several who went with her “after meetings” to an ice cream parlor at a time when discriminatioon was still felt in some places. She was the one African American in the group. We were treated most graciously and had such a good time.

    Over the years I met her a number of times again at various meetings. Thanks be to God

    Billie Thoresen, Stl Paul United Methodist Women, Fremont CA.

  4. Cynthia Astle

    I wish I had known her better over my years of reporting on the UMC, but I’m grateful for the times our paths crossed. This is an impressive remembrance. We shall not see her like again, but we can certainly carry forward her principles, especially in raising up new leaders to follow us. Thanks be to God for this faithful servant.

  5. Elizabeth Woods

    Theressa Hoover came to the UMW Kansas West School of Christian Mission, held at Kansas Wesleyan Campus, Salina, KS. I was one of the women attending that summer.
    How fortunate I took a class taught by Theressa Hoover. She made everyone who met her feel special. People were thrilled MS Hoover took the time to attend our School of Christian Mission. We enjoyed and appreciated her and all our teachers. The “School” was so very well attended by persons of many races. It was years ago, but joy and fellowship of that school are still with me.
    Elizabeth Woods, wife of a retired United Methodist pastor.

  6. Meredith Rupe

    I was on the Board of Directors when GBGM was organized as a young adult rep. What giants we worked with during those years and Theresa Hoover was a giant among giants with her guiding thoughts. It was also a time when many of the directors were young African-Americans who have continued to influence the life of the church. She was an inspiration for this young adult white male at the time.

  7. Floscene C.Hill

    Our unit have asked many question of Ms. Hoovers health, and life. Maybe we missed this
    announcement of her death. Was it in our Response?. EMCUMW-Wil.DE. have very close
    ties with her as she was a dear friend of Cleo Henry (member of our unit, deceased) and
    Connected with us frequently. We missed hearing from her and directed questions to
    Response. We send our sympathy and prayers to all those who knew her and loved and
    Admired the legacy she left for UMW.

  8. Gloria Jordan Williams, Griffith, IN

    As an 18 yr old college sophomore, I had the honor of seeing Theressa Hoover at a youth meeting for a week at Mt Sequoia, AR. This was summer, 1954…Ms Hoover and I were the only African Americans in attendance..she as instructor and I was a student sent by Woman’s Society of Christian Service representing Wiley College. Because of racial segregation I was not allowed to travel by bus with other youth attendees to Fayetteville for a tour and “fun day”. Ms Hoover took me to her home where I spent the afternoon with her father being entertained by viewing slides, drinking lemonade and listening to him relate some life stories while she attended a meeting at the campground. Over the years I’ve often told groups of this experience and how Ms Hoover helped to ease my discomfort at being left out of activities because of my race while likely feeling helpless about a situation that should not have occurred at a Methodist Church-sponsored youth gathering. Little did I know the heights Ms Hoover would reach in our church or the impact she would have on the UMW. I regret never finding an opportunity to see her again to tell her that I am a member of UMW and so proud to have met her.

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